ETS | What is it?
ETS stands for Educational Testing Services. It was established in 1947 and to this day is the world’s largest nonprofit educational testing organization. The ETS headquarters are based in Lawrence Township, New Jersey, although they have got an address at Princeton. The chairman is Robert S. Murley. ETS has created tests such as the TOEFL, TOEIC, HiSET, GRE and also the Praxis series assessments.
Where is it from?
ETS is based and registered in the U.S. As was mentioned before it was created in 1947 when three nonprofit educational institutions which included the American Council on Education (ACE), The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and The College Entrance Examination Board. The Educational Testing Services was originally created in 1947 to begin running operational assessment programs and take it into a new direction as it was viewed that the previous organization were not well suited to continue on as 4unning these operations.
The ACE gave the newly formed ETS, the Cooperative Test Service and the National Teachers Examination, while Carnegie gave the GRE; and the College Board gave over the operation of the SAT for graduating high school students; however, they didn’t give over the ownership.
ETS is certified by the ISO (International Organization for Standardization). This certification implicates that ETS complies with the global standard for quality and also produces phenomenal work in being able to produce the highest quality products and services for its clients worldwide.
ETS has created various tests for different purposes such as standardized testing which mainly is used in the U.S for K-12 and also higher education. ETS has also created international tests such as the aforementioned TOEFL, TOEIC and the GRE. Many of the assessments that they administer are directly related with the entry for international students to undergraduate programs in the U.S. They have developed assessments for grades K-12 which are used in states such as Texas, California, Virginia and Tennessee.
Here is an overall list of the tests administered by the ETS organization:
- GRE (Graduate Record Examinations);
- CLEP (College Level Examination Program);
- TOEFL (Test Of English As A Foreign Language);
- TOEIC (Test Of English for International communications);
- CAHSEE (California high school exit exam);
- PSAT/NMSQT ( Preliminary SAT/ National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test);
- TFI (Test de Français international);
- CAASPP (California Assessment of student performance and progress);
- PRAXIS TEST;
- NAEP (National Assessment of Educational Progress);
- EXADEP (Examen de admisión a Estúdios do Posgrado);
- SPEAK (Speaking Proficiency English Assessment Kit).ETS administers and grades roughly 50 million tests per year; this covers more than 180 countries worldwide and spans over 9000 locations worldwide.
ETS has got many overseas locations that include Amsterdam, Seoul, London, Paris, Beijing, Warsaw, Amman and Kingston, Ontario. All of these foreign locations are associated with for-profit subsidiaries. Although it is a nonprofit organization, like most big nonprofit organizations, they are involved in activities that do not correlate to the mission of the company.
The activities are allowed to be carried out by the organization itself or a subsidiary of that company, which can be a for-profit subsidiary. A lot of the for-profit work that ETS conducts is carried out by its owned subsidiaries that are for-profit organizations such as Prometric which they acquired in 2007. They deliver huge amounts of exams to third party clients.Research
ETS sets the way worldwide for its renowned standard in educational measurement research and analysis. ETS has an approximate 250 researchers employed, some of which researchers are very well renowned and accomplished scientists in the fields of psychometrics and statistics. The overall objective of these researchers is to produce analysis and take part in research that will give support to the assessments that they already administer and through said research and analysis try to develop potential new assessments for the future.
The researchers at ETS partner up with other researchers worldwide to enable themselves to stay innovative and to get a potential different perspective and understanding which can lead them to staying fresh all the time and being able to produce such quality work.
Critics and Complaints
ETS have had their critics and do some do not agree with the fact they refer to themselves as a nonprofit company when, in fact they carry out their business like a multinational company. Registering themselves as a nonprofit organization leaves the organization exempt from various taxes, such as federal corporate income tax.
As well as this, they also do not have to show records of their financial information to the Securities and Exchange Commission. They do however have to send a report to the IRS which has to be made publicly available.
The AETR has stated that ETS is breaking the rules and regulations as they are a declared nonprofit organization, but they seem to have huge profits, and they also allow governing board member pay which is not permitted by the IRS. AETR have also claimed that the actions of ETS are somewhat unethical behavior as they have been known to sell test preparation materials, allegedly refusing to acknowledge test takers rights and lobbying against government officials and legislators.